This is a Blog concerning about how to learn Chinese Language effectively

2013年7月23日 星期二

(1 8)Han Yu pinyin is the golden key to learn Mandarin



這是輕柔聲調的最後一課,朋友們,是不是有點累了的感覺?

This is the final lesson concerning about gentle tone, my friends, are you feeling a little bit of tired?

假如你覺得真有點累的話,從另外一個角度看來,學習漢語拼音,的確是學說普通話不容忽視的一門課題。

If you really feel a little tired, then, from another perspective, studying Chinese, Mandarin doctrine is indeed an issue can not be ignored.

學會漢語拼音,才能使你的普通話更上一層樓,這話是沒有錯的。

Learn pinyin, to make your Mandarin higher level that was not wrong.

普通話除了有一批固定的詞彙,必須使用輕柔聲調讀出及因語法結構必須讀輕柔聲調之外。普通話還有相當一批數量的常用口語,也習慣用輕柔聲調讀出。

Mandarin in addition to a number of fixed terms you must use soft tones readout and must be read because of grammatical structures beyond gentle tone.

Mandarin is still a considerable number of commonly spoken, also used to read out with a gentle tone.

假如你想說標準的普通話,敬請留意學習。

If you want to say standard Mandarin, please pay attention to learn.


1)常用的三音節口語,習慣把中間的音韻,唸成輕柔聲調。例如:
Commonly used three syllables spoken, accustomed to the middle of the phonology, read as gentle tones. For example:
1豬八戒【zhū jiè
Chinese classic novel "Journey to the West one of the protagonists."
2丈母娘【zhàng niáng
wife's mother
3諸葛亮【zhū liàng
Zhuge Liang
Famous ancient Chinese military expert
4財神爺【cái shén
God of Wealth
5哈巴狗【 gǒu
a Pekinese (a breed of dog)
6四合院【 yuàn
szu-ho-yuan; four-section compound
7合作社【zuò shè
a cooperative association
8朝陽門【cháo yáng mén
Chaoyang GateBeijing Chaoyang Gate is one of nine inner city, located in the inner city, has now been demolished
9自行車【xíng chē
a bicycle
1 0圖書館【shū guǎn
a library
1 1電影院【diàn yǐng yuàn
a cinema
1 2摩托車【tuō chē
a motorcycle
1 3銅鑼灣【tóng luó wān
Causeway BayHong Kong's famous shopping district
1 4電視機【diàn shì
a television set
1 5公務員【gōng yuán
a public servant
1 6救濟金【jiùjīn
a relief payment
1 7漢堡包【hàn bǎo bāo
hamburger
1 8稀巴爛【 làn
smashes
上面三音節配詞,位於中間的字,都讀輕柔聲調。
With the above three syllable word, in the middle of the word, are read gentle tones.
但在一般詞典上,這些字詞並沒有標明是輕柔聲調。
But in general dictionaries, these words are not labeled as soft tones.
有些人便把這些中間音節也都按本調來讀,所以無論說起普通話,或聽別人說出這些使用本調說來的普通話,就顯得有點生硬。
Some people put these intermediate syllables are also read by the tone, so whether speaking Mandarin, or listening to someone else to use the tune to say Mandarin. It seemed a bit stiff.
不過,請特別注意:並非所有的三音節口語的中間詞,都讀輕柔聲調:
However, please pay special attention to: Not all of the three middle syllable spoken words are read gentle tone:
其中也有例外的情況,例如:飛機場、聯合國、高中生、牽牛花等,中間音節就不讀輕柔音韻。
(飛機場fēi jī chǎng、聯合國lián hé guó、高中生gāo zhōng shēng、牽牛花qiān niú huā)。
Which there are exceptions, for example: Airfield, the United Nations, high school, morning gloryflower, etc., do not read the gentle middle syllable rhyme.
這是甚麼原因?我都不知道。
勉強來說,因為這是習慣性的口語,只要自己記住就可以了。
What is the reason? Even I do not know.
Barely speaking, because it is the habit of speaking, as long as we remember it.
 
2)常用的四音節口語,這裡有如下三種解說:
Commonly used four syllables spoken, there are three kinds of explanations:
1 . 配詞第二字是「裏」字的四字習慣口語,「裏」字讀輕柔聲調。例如:
The second word with the word "in" word spoken quadword habits in read the word gentle tones. For example:
1曲裏拐彎【li guǎi wān
Zigzag
1彎彎曲曲的意思!
wān wān qū qū de yì si
Means crooked!
2樹林裏的小路曲裏拐彎的。
shù lín lǐ de xiǎo lù qū lǐ guǎi wān ér de
Zigzag path in the woods.
2稀裏糊塗 li hú tú
blurred
1這道試題,他講了兩遍,我還是稀裏糊塗的。
zhè dào shì títā jiǎng le liǎng biànwǒ hái shì xī lǐ hú tú de
This paper, although he explained it twice, I'm still confused.
2這件事沒經過認真討論,就稀裏糊塗地通過了。
zhè jiàn shì méi jīng guò rèn zhēn tǎo lùnjiù xī lǐ hú tú de tōng guò le
It did not go through serious discussion, it was passed casually.
3花裏胡梢【huā li hú shāo
Flashy, not really
1形容顏色過分鮮豔繁雜(含有厭惡的意思)。
xíng róng yán sè guò fèn xiān yàn fán zá
hán yǒu yàn wù de yì si)。
Describe the colors too bright complex (containing disgust mean).
2這姑娘今天穿得花裏胡梢的。
zhè gū niáng jīn tiān chuān dé huā lǐ hú shāo de
The girl's clothes to wear flashy today.
4怪裏怪氣【guài li guài qì】
(Shape, costume, sound, etc.) peculiar.
1戲台上的媒婆總是那麼怪裏怪氣的。
xì tái shàng de méi pó zǒng shì nà me guài lǐ guài qì de
Matchmaker on the stage is always so eccentric.
5稀裏嘩啦【li huā lā
Onomatopoeia to describe the sound of rain or other buildings collapsed.
1形容徹底粉碎的樣子。
xíng róng chè dǐ fěn suì de yàng zi
Describe the shattered look.
2大廳裏的擺設,被這夥人打了個稀裏嘩啦。
dà tīng lǐ de bǎi shèbèi zhè huǒ rén dǎ le gè xī lǐ huā lā
Hall decoration, completely crushed by this group of people.
6慌裏慌張【huāng li huāng zhāng
distraught
1考試時不能慌神,越是慌裏慌張,越容易出錯。
kǎo shì shí bù néng huāng shén éryuè shì huāng lǐ huāng zhāngyuè róng yì chū cuò
Examination can not panic, the more panic, the more error-prone.
7嘰裏咕嚕【 li gū lū
Say some words that others can not hear or understand.
Or describe objects rolling sound.
1他們倆嘰裏咕嚕地說了半天。
tā men liǎ jī lǐ gū lū de shuō le bàn tiān
They both said rumble for a long time.
2地震山區的石頭嘰裏咕嚕滾下山去。
dì zhèn shān qū de shí tou jī lǐ gū lū gǔn xià shān qù
Earthquake mountain stone,rumble rolled downhill.
2 .一些無規律可尋的四字習慣口語,第二音節通常都讀輕柔聲調。例如:
There are no rules can be found quadword oral habits, the second syllable is usually read gentle tones. For example:
1亂七八糟【luàn bā zāo
Confusion or mess
1稿子塗改得亂七八糟,很多字都看不清楚。
gǎo zi tú gǎi dé luàn qī bā zāohěn duō zì dōu kàn bù qīng chǔ
Manuscript altered mess, many words are not clear.
2他越想越沒主意,心裏亂七八糟的。
tā yuè xiǎng yuè méi zhǔ yìxīn li luàn qī bā zāo de
He grew no idea, and his heart is a mess.
2各式各樣【shì gè yàng
Variety
1百貨公司的貨品,各式各樣的東西,一應俱全。
bǎi huò gōng sī de huò pǐngè shì gè yàng de dōng xīyì yīng jù quán
Department stores, a variety of things are readily available.
2這個人真各式各樣,跟誰都說不到一塊兒。
zhè gè rén zhēn gě shì gè yànggēn shuí dōu shuō bú dào yí kuài r
This man is really a wide range with no one can live in harmony.
3小肚雞腸【xiǎo jī cháng
Narrow tolerance analogy, consider only the trivial, does not take care of the overall situation.
 
1他是一個氣量狹小,只計較小事,不顧全大局的人。
tā shì yí gè qì liàng xiá xiǎozhǐ jì jiào xiǎo shìbú gù quán dà jú de rén
He is a petty, only care about trivial things, not the overall situation of the people.
4橫七豎八【héng shù bā
Messy or disorganized
 
1出處:《水滸傳》第34回:「一片瓦礫場上,橫七豎八,殺死的男子婦女,不計其數。」
chū chǔ:《 shuǐ hǔ chuán dì 3 4 huí:「yí piàn wǎ lì chǎng shànghéng qī shù bāshā sǐ de nán zǐ fù nǚbú jì qí shù。」
Source: "Water Margin" 34th: "A rubble field, disorder, killing men women and countless."
2加工廠內,橫七豎八地放著許多圓木。
jiā gōng chǎng nèihéng qī shù bā de fàng zhe xǔ duō yuán mù
At the factory, many logs lying in disorder.
5慢條斯理【màn tiáo sī lǐ
Describe doing things slowly
 
1說話做事有條有理,不慌不忙。
shuō huà zuò shì yǒu tiáo yǒu lǐbù huāng bù máng
Say things orderly, calmly.
2形容說話做事慢吞吞,不慌不忙。
xíng róng shuō huà zuò shì màn tūn tūnbù huāng bù máng
Describe say things slowly and deliberately.
3出處:《西廂記》:「寫紅娘從張生邊來入閨中,慢條斯理,如不在意如在意。」
chū chǔ :《xī xiāng jì》:「xiě hóng niáng cóng zhāng shēng biān lái rù guī zhōngmàn tiáo sī lǐrú bú zài yì rú zài yì。」
Source: "The West Chamber": Description Matchmaker entered room slowly, as if not care is actually cared enough.
6蔫頭耷腦【niān tóu dā nǎo
Showing languorous look.
1約翰蔫頭耷腦走出門坎後,驚訝地看見是他的小舅子。
yuē hàn niān tóu dā nǎo zǒu chū mén kǎn hòujīng yà de kàn jiàn shì tā de xiǎo jiù zi
John showing languorous look leaving
the threshold surprised to see his
brother-in-law.
7花不棱登【huā lēng dēng
Describe the color of mixed (containing disgust mean)
1這件衣服花不棱登的,我不喜歡。
zhè jiàn yī fu huā bù lēng dēng de wǒ bù xǐ huān
This dress color is too eye-catching, I do not like.
2很多青年都穿那種花不棱登的襯衫。
hěn duō qīng nián dōu chuān nà zhòng huā bù lēng dēng de chèn shān
Many young people are fond of wearing color messy clothes.
8楞頭楞腦【léng tóu léng nǎo
Described as bold or reckless silly look.
 
1出處:曹禺《原野》第二幕:「乾媽,虎子傻,說話楞頭楞腦,沒分寸。」
chū chǔcáo yú yuán yědì èr mù:「gān māhǔ zǐ shǎ shuō huà léng tóu léng nǎoméi fēn cùn。」
Source: Cao Yu, "Wilderness" Act II:
"Godmother, cub foolish, talking reckless silly, no sense of proportion."
2約翰忽閃忽閃地眨著眼,楞頭楞腦地望著彼得。
yuē hàn hū shǎn hū shǎn de zhǎ zhuó yǎnléng tóu léng nǎo de wàng zhe bǐ dé
John twinkling and blinking his eyes, in a daze, looking at Peter.
9肥得嚕兒【féi lū ér
Usually refers to fat, but in Beijing on fat people have a derogatory title.
1「你瞧你肥得嚕兒的這身肉,將來怎麼給你說媳婦呀?」
nǐ qiáo nǐ féi dé lū ér de zhè shēn ròujiāng lái zěn me gěi nǐ shuō xí fù ya?」
"You see you grow up this body fat, in the future, how can I introduce wife for you?"
1 0美不滋兒【měi zī ér
Beautiful or happy
1這小姑娘長得真是美不滋兒。
zhè xiǎo gū niáng cháng dé zhēn shì měi bù zī ér
This girl looks really beautiful.
1 1冷不丁兒【lěng dīng ér
Not paying attention
1天天看股票,經常看到一些股票冷不丁兒地大漲一下,想追又怕被套,不追又看著它老是漲,說不定什麼時候又冷不丁兒地來個漲停。短線炒法很難抓。
tiān tiān kàn gǔ piàojīng cháng kàn dào yì xiē gǔ piào lěng bù dīng ér de dà zhǎng yí xiàxiǎng zhuī yòu pà bèi tàobù zhuī yòu kān zhe tā lǎo shì zhǎngshuō bú dìng shén me shí hòu yòu lěng bù dīng ér de lái gè zhǎng tíngduǎn xiàn chǎo fǎ hěn nán zhuā
Handle every stock, we often see some stocks rose rather abruptly, want to go buy the fear of being caught, do not chase to buy, but it always looked to rise, you never know when, and suddenly come to a daily limit.
1 2圓得溜兒【yuán liū ér
Describe the mast robust animal
1他可是養豬能手,五十頭肉豬,頭頭滾瓜溜圓。
tā kě shì yǎng zhū néng shǒu , wǔ shí tóu ròu zhū , tóu tóu gǔn guā liū yuán
He is a pig expert, fifty pigs, everyone  is big fat pig.
1 3滾瓜溜圓【ɡǔn ɡuā liū yuán
Very mellow
1「要不是我夜夜不睡,我們社里的牲口,能吃得滾瓜溜圓嗎?」
yào bú shì wǒ yè yè bú shuìwǒ men shè li de shēng kǒunéng chī dé gǔn guā liū yuán ma?」
If I do not sleep every night, we are in the agency's livestock can eat round and fat do?
 
1 4圓得乎兒【yuán hū ér
Complete or comprehensive
1這個人做事圓得乎兒,各方面都能照顧到。
zhè gè rén zuò shì yuán dé hū ér gè fāng miàn dōu néng zhào gù dào
This sleek and thoughtful people do things, can take care of all aspects.
2這人說話不圓得乎兒。
zhè rén shuō huà bù yuán dé hū ér
This man speak,do not know how to smooth flexible.
1 5甜不嘰兒【tián jī ér
With a sweet
1最近我有了一個新的發現,由於我個人熱愛喝甜不嘰兒的東西,我通常會自沖一杯略帶花香的蜂蜜水。
zuì jìn wǒ yǒu le yí gè xīn de fā xiànyóu yú wǒ gè rén rè ài hē tián bù jī ér de dōng xīwǒ tōng cháng huì zì chōng yì bēi lüè dài huā xiāng de fēng mì shuǐ
I recently had a new discovery, because I personally love to drink sweet drinks, I usually drink a glass of water with floral honey.
1 6勻得溜兒【yún liū ér
Describe uniform look.
1打點兒藕粉要勻得溜兒的,別太稠也別太糨。
dǎ diǎn ér ǒu fěn yào yún dé liū ér de , bié tài chóu yě bié tài jiàng
Add a little lotus root powder do not be too thick nor too thin.
1 7鹹不絲兒【xián sī ér
Not salty not pale
 
1我嚐了一口鹹不絲兒的湯水,挺有味兒。
wǒ cháng le yì kǒu xián bù sī ér de tāng shuǐtǐng yǒu wèi ér
I tasted a soup is not salty not pale, quite taste.
2約翰乾著急,也只能說幾句鹹不絲兒的家常話。
yuē hàn gān zháo jíyě zhǐ néng shuō jǐ jù xián bù sī ér de jiā cháng huà
"John anxious, he can only say a few words homemade."
1 8稀得溜兒【xī dé liū ér
Not rich
1解放軍戰士們個個吃得直吧嗒嘴,都吵吵好吃。只有一個年輕的小戰士,吃了一碗後,蹲在地上小聲嘟囔:「稀得溜兒的,一人兩碗哪吃得飽哇。」
jiě fàng jūn zhàn shì men gè gè chī dé zhí bā dā zuǐdōu chāo chāo hǎo chīzhǐ yǒu yí gè nián qīng de xiǎo zhàn shìchī le yì wǎn hòudūn zài dì shàng xiǎo shēng dū nāng:「xī dé liū ér deyì rén liǎng wǎn nǎ chī dé bǎo wā。」
People's Liberation Army soldiers were all eating flavorful, only a small young soldier, after eating a bowl, squatting on the ground whispering: "So thin light porridge, a person to eat two bowls are hungry."
3 . 一些單音節形容詞加口語性後綴形成的四音節形容詞,其第二個音節一般讀輕聲。例如:
Some monosyllabic adjective colloquial form of four syllable adjective suffix, its second syllable generally read softly. For example:
1黑不溜秋【hēi liū qiū
Deep black color appearance.
Often described as too difficult to see the dark stuff.
1「馬小辮一伸手,從箱子裡邊拿出一個黑不溜秋的東西,巴掌那麼大,上邊貼著一個紅紙條兒。」
mǎ xiǎo biàn yì shēn shǒucóng xiāng zi lǐ biān ná chū yí gè hēi bù liū qiū de dōng xībā zhǎng nà me dàshàng biān tiē zhe yí gè hóng zhǐ tiáo ér。」
Miss Ma one hand, from the box and come up with a deep black color dark thing inside, palm-sized, box bears a red paper.
 
2黑咕隆咚【hēi lōng dōng
Described as very dark.
1他一失足,跌進了黑咕隆​​咚的下水道。
tā yì shī zúdiē jìn le hēi gū lōng dōng de xià shuǐ dào
He slipped, fell into the dark sewer.
2人們探著頭向裡面瞧了瞧,洞里黑咕隆​​咚的什麼也看不見。
rén men tàn zhe tóu xiàng lǐ miàn qiáo le qiáodòng li hēi gū lōng dōng de shén me yě kàn bú jiàn
People explore his head, glanced to the inside, cave dark, could not see anything.
3圓咕隆咚【yuán lōng dōng
Hypertrophy and rounded
1我又不漂亮又不溫柔,長得圓咕隆咚的。
wǒ yòu bú piào liàng yòu bù wēn róucháng dé yuán gū lōng dōng de
I'm not pretty nor gentle,looks hypertrophy and mellow.
4傻拉巴磯【shǎ bā jī
Describe stupid
1女人都喜歡壞男人,放一個老實巴交傻拉巴磯的木頭男人在你面前,問啥就一五一十回答啥,這樣的男人你得不得要嘛?
nǚ rén dōu xǐ huān huài nán rén fàng yí gè lǎo shí bā jiāo shǎ lā bā jī de mù tou nán rén zài nǐ miàn qián , wèn shá jiù yì wǔ yì shí huí dá shá zhè yàng de nán rén nǐ dé bù dé yào ma ?
Women love bad men, put an honest man, a man like a stick in front of you, what questions to ask, he answers truthfully, do you think that such a man, you want him or not?
5傻不楞登【shǎ léng dēng
Confused look
1三官笑得嘴都抿不攏,現出那種傻不楞登的樣子。
sān guān xiào dé zuǐ dōu mǐn bù lǒngxiàn chū nà zhǒng shǎ bù léng dēng de yàng zi
John laughed not close the mouth, face look foolish.
 
6酸不溜丟【suān liū diū
Describe the nasty sour or describe the ancient literati pedantic
1我不愛吃這種酸不溜丟的果子。
wǒ bú ài chī zhè zhǒng suān bù liū diū de guǒ zi
I do not like this sour fruit.
2楊文聰說:你看,剛才那小伙子怎麼樣?還配得上你吧?鄭娘娘說:我才不喜歡那酸不溜丟的。
yáng wén cōng shuōnǐ kàngāng cái nà xiǎo huǒ zi zěn me yàng hái pèi de shàng nǐ bazhèng niáng niáng shuōwǒ cái bù xǐ huān nà suān bù liū diū de
Yang Wencong said: You see, just how about that young man? He'll worthy of you, right? Zheng empress said: I just do not like the ancient literati pedantic.
7滑不嘰溜【huá jī liū
Very smooth look.
1他很用心,把地板擦得滑不嘰溜。
tā hěn yòng xīn bǎ dì bǎn cā dé huá bù jī liū
He worked very hard, the floor polished, very smooth.
8白不呲咧【bái cī lie
Dialect. Refers to the clothes fade white.
Dialect. Refers to the food taste weak.
1還不到兩年,這件衣服已經洗得白不呲咧的了。
hái bú dào liǎng nián zhè jiàn yī fu yǐ jīng xǐ dé bái bù cī lie de le
Less than two years, this dress has been washed white as snow generally.
2這魚本很新鮮,可是燒得少油寡鹽、白不呲咧的。
zhè yú běn hěn xīn xiānkě shì shāo dé shǎo yóu guǎ yánbái bù cī lie de
This is the very fresh fish, but burn less oil and salt the fish taste weak.
 
9胖不倫墩【pàng lún dūn
Very obese
1突然,舞池響起了緩慢的音樂,約翰抱著一個小女孩搖晃,仿佛一個胖不倫墩的「黑熊」摟著一個玲瓏剔透的「小白兔」。
tū ránwǔ chí xiǎng qǐ le huǎn màn de yīn yuèyuē hàn bào zhe yí gè xiǎo nǚ hái ér yáo huàngfǎng fú yí gè pàng bù lún dūn dehēi xióng lōu zhe yí gè líng lóng tī tòu de xiǎo bái tù」。
Suddenly, a slow dance music sounded, John holding a little girl shaking, like a fat immorality pier "bears" exquisitely carved arms around a "little white rabbit."
1 0血絲胡拉【xuè hú lā
Was blood red, with disgust meaning.
There was blood everywhere.
1門前紮起血絲胡拉的一座彩牌。
mén qián zā qǐ xuè sī hú lā de yí zuò cǎi pái
Front of the village set up a bright red color tower.
2你看他摔得滿臉血絲胡拉的,真嚇人。
nǐ kàn tā shuāi dé mǎn liǎn xuè sī hú lā de , zhēn xià rén
You see him after the fell, face blood, really scary.
1 1素了呱嘰【le guā jī
Perfunctory expression or stagnation
1記者招待會結束,大廳里,素了呱嘰響起一片掌聲,他緩緩起身,頷首致意。
jì zhě zhāo dài huì jié shùdà tīng lisù le guā jī xiǎng qǐ yí piàn zhǎng shēngtā huǎn huǎn qǐ shēnhàn shǒu zhì yì
Reporter conference ended, hall sounded a sparse applause he slowly got up and nodded greetings.


我的「漢語拼音」教學影片原本計劃將在20137月下旬在You Tube 出現,但是,由於教學課本尚在編寫階段,我想,有可能會延期到20138月下旬,到時請前往:

My "Pinyin" instructional videos originally planned to end in July 2013 appeared in You Tube, but because of school textbooks still in stages of preparation, I think, there may be postponed until the end of August 2013, when go :



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