This is a Blog concerning about how to learn Chinese Language effectively

2011年11月6日 星期日

(4)Learning Chinese Language and Modern popular Chinese idioms by means of English




中國成語

Modern popular Chinese idioms

現代通用中國成語解譯

Common interpretation of modern Chinese idioms (4)



1.

(liáo) (liáo) wú jǐ

(寥)(寥)無幾

Too small to calculate the number of



xíng róng shù liàng fēi cháng xī shǎo ,gū dān。

形容數量非常稀少,孤單。

Describe the number of very rare, alone.



2.

(liú) fāng bǎi shì

(流)芳百世

Let good deeds, spread a hundred years



ràng měi hǎo de míng shēng, liú chuán yú hòu shì。

讓美好的名聲,流傳於後世。

Make a better reputation, spread to future generations.



3.

lǜ shuǐ (qīng) shān

綠水(青)山

Blue green water of the mountain




xíng róng měi lì、 yōu měi de hé shān。

形容美麗、優美的河山。

Describe the beautiful rivers and mountains.




lǜ shuǐ hé qīng shān shì hù xiāng duì yìng ,yòng lái miáo xiě fēng jǐng de cí yǔ。

綠水和青山是互相對應,用來描寫風景的詞語。

Green water and the Mountain are mutually correspond to the words used to describe landscape



4

( jiá ) rán ér zhǐ

(戛)然而止

Sudden stop



yòng lái mó nǐ niǎo míng shēng huò shēng yīn tū rán tíng zhǐ。

用來模擬鳥鳴聲或聲音突然停止。

Used to simulate the sound of birds or the sound suddenly stopped.




duǎn cù xiǎng liàng de shēng yīn。

短促響亮的聲音。

Short loud sound.



5

( jì ) wǎng kāi lái

(繼)往開來

Continuation of the tradition of the past and look forward to the future



jì chéng qián rén de shì yè ,kāi zhǎn wèi lái yào jì xù xiàng qián de shì yè 。

繼承前人的事業,開展未來要繼續向前的事業。

Inherited cause of their predecessors, continue to carry forward the cause of the future.



6

jǔ yī (fǎn) sān

舉一(反)三

Cite one example, three conclusions can lead to other



yóu yí jiàn shì qíng de tuī lǐ,

由一件事情的推理,

Reasoning from the one thing,



kě yǐ lǐ jiě qí tā xiāng lèi sì de xǔ duō lì zi。

可以理解其他相類似的許多例子。

Can understand many other similar examples.



7

(shǎo) ān wú zào

(少)安毋躁

Maintain a calm state of mind, do not hurry



nài xīn děng dài yí,

耐心等待一會兒,

Wait a while,



tài du bǎo chí cóng róng

態度保持從容,

Attitude to keep calm,



nài xīn děng dài, bú yào xīn jí。

耐心等待,不要心急。

Wait, do not hurry



8.

páng (zhēng) bó yǐn

旁(徵)博引

Look for evidence



guǎng fàn de yǐn yòng lì zhèng zuò wéi shì qíng tuī lǐ yī jù,

廣泛地引用例證作為事情推理依據,

Widely cited example of what reasoning as the basis for



xiàng bié rén biǎo shì zì jǐ yǒu chōng fèn de zhèng jù。

向別人表示自己有充份的証據。

To others that they have sufficient evidence.



9

shì wài táo ( yuán )

世外桃(源)

Beautiful ideal living place



táo yuān míng zài《 táo huā yuán jì》 miáo xiě de shēng huó ān lè de lǐ xiǎng shì jiè,

陶淵明在《桃花源記》描寫的生活安樂的理想世界,

Tao in the "Land of Peach Blossoms" describe well-being of the ideal world of life,



lǐ xiǎng shì jiè yǔ xiàn shí shè huì hù xiāng bǐ jiào

理想世界與現實社會互相比較

Ideal to compare with the real world




bǐ cǐ huì yǒu hěn dà jù lí

彼此會有很大距離。

Each other, there will be a great distance.




xíng róng huán jìng yōu jìng, shēng huó ān yì de dì fāng 。

形容環境幽靜,生活安逸的地方。

Described as quiet, comfortable place to live.



10

( shǒu ) qū yì zhǐ

(首)屈一指

Has been the first, no one can match



yì bān rén yòng shǒu zhǐ jì suàn shù zì,

一般人用手指計算數字,

Most people calculate the number of fingers



shǒu xiān yào bǎ dà mǔ zhǐ wān dī,

首先要把大拇指彎低,

First, make the thumb bent low,



rán hòu, zuì hòu bǎ dà mǔ zhǐ shù gāo ,yǐ biǎo shì wèi jū dì yī。

然後,最後把大姆指豎高,以表示位居第一。

Then, finally the thumb vertical high to indicate the first place.

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